The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries. It complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.

The MPI assesses poverty at the individual level. If someone is deprived in a third or more of ten (weighted) indicators (see left), the global index identifies them as ‘MPI poor’, and the extent – or intensity – of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.

The MPI can be used to create a comprehensive picture of people living in poverty, and permits comparisons both across countries, regions and the world and within countries by ethnic group, urban/rural location, as well as other key household and community characteristics.

It encompasses three dimensions of poverty (Health, education and living standard) and addresses ten indicators…

  1. Nutrition
  2. Child mortality
  3. Years of Schooling
  4. School Attendance
  5. Cooking Fuel
  6. Improved sanitation
  7. Safe drinking water
  8. Electricity
  9. Flooring
  10. Assets


The Global MPI 2016 site  provides case studies, infographics, an interactive databank, country profiles, policy briefings and downloadable data tables.

Organisation: Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)

Most recent version: 2016

For the latest available report, click here

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